The AED is a collaborative effort between conservation agencies and researchers in the 37 states that make up the present range of the African elephant. Information on elephant distribution and abundance is gathered by field surveys and questionnaires, and stored in a database using a Geographical Information System (GIS), along with information on other factors such as vegetation type, cover and protected area boundaries.
ETIS is a comprehensive information system to track illegal trade in ivory and other elephant products. The central component of ETIS is a database on seizures of elephant specimens that have occurred anywhere in the world since 1989. The seizure database is supported by a series of subsidiary database components that assess law enforcement effort and efficiency, rates of reporting, domestic ivory markets and background economic variables. These database components are time-based and country-specific and are used to mitigate factors that cause bias in the data and might otherwise distort the analytical results. The subsidiary database components also assist in interpreting and understanding the results of the ETIS analyses. Since its inception, ETIS has been managed by TRAFFIC on behalf of the CITES Parties and is currently housed at the TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa office in Harare, Zimbabwe.
MIKE is designed to measure and identify trends in the illegal killing of elephants in Africa and Asia, to determine changes in these trends and to assess whether and to what extent these trends are a result of changes in the status of African elephant populations within CITES.
EIS is a web portal that offers a broad array of resources and services. It is also a mechanism with which key environmental data are identified and information is made widely available to various stakeholders. The EIS was established as a national data and information system for use in the management of the natural environment. The system contains a number of components covering environmental indicators, state of the environment reviews as well as environmental assessment. The EIS has been designed to enable efficient data storage, manipulation, viewing, questioning, interpreting and understanding of environmental performance in the pursuit of sustainable development principles. This will, hopefully, build confidence in decision-making as it would be based upon coherent and timely information. The Environmental Information System also addresses the need for environmental data and information resources that can be used to evaluate the state of Botswana’s environment and assist in the development of environmental management policies, strategies and programmes. The EIS project was commissioned as a component of the Environment Support Programme
(ESP).The ESP is a collaborative effort between the Government of Botswana and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) that aims to enhance the effective protection and management of Botswana’s environment and natural resources. The EIS is based at the Department of Environmental Affairs
which is responsible for maintenance, while the rest of government departments with environmental information or data are responsible for updating and populating the system.
This website – and report – is part of a first attempt at a large scale assessment of protected areas using objective continent-wide data sets and methodologies as opposed to case studies on individual parks or global assessments (e.g. Chape et al 2005
). The website contain information on 741 protected areas, across 50 countries, and includes information on 280 mammals, 381 bird species and 930 amphibian species, and a wide range of climatic, environmental and socioeconomic information. The purpose of the work is to provide to decision makers a regularly updated tool to assess the state of Africa PAs and to prioritize them according to biodiversity values and threats so as to support decision making and fund allocation processes. It is maintained by the Global Environment Monitoring Unit
, one of six scientific units that make up the Institute for Environment and Sustainability
at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre